Facial cosmetic treatments

Cosmetology offers a lot of possibilities for solving various aesthetic problems of the face and the whole body. To date, there are a number of procedures with proven effectiveness that are used in the daily practice of cosmetologists.

Types of cosmetic procedures

facial skin rejuvenation procedure

Facial treatments in the salon can be divided into four main groups:

  • Methods of hardware cosmetology. As the name suggests, such salon facial procedures involve the use of different equipment. Such devices allow you to solve even quite significant cosmetic problems without surgery.
  • Laser cosmetology. This field of cosmetology is based on the use of different types of lasers that can affect the client's body (skin) without direct surgical intervention. Such devices act on the body with an intense light source, that is, they are safe from the point of view of injuries. An experienced specialist can regulate the penetration depth of the laser beam, which is why thermal damage from such intervention is completely excluded or minimized.
  • Medical cosmetology of the face and body. This group of procedures is aimed at combating various medical problems. It allows you to deal with rather unpleasant phenomena, such as alopecia, hyperhidrosis, various neoplasms, cicatricial changes on the skin, cellulite, etc. Medical methods include hardware, laser and aesthetic cosmetic procedures.
  • Aesthetic cosmetology. Such facial procedures are designed to eliminate various aesthetic problems that can cause psychological discomfort, as well as feelings of self-doubt. Of course, aging processes, acne, moles, insufficiently beautiful shape of lips or eyebrows, as well as hair on different parts of the body are not capable of endangering health, but they can darken life.

All facial procedures in the beauty salon and cosmetology clinic have a number of indications and certain contraindications for performance. In addition, their effectiveness and safety directly depend on the skill of the beautician.

Hardware procedures

facial skin rejuvenation

A tangible plus of such manipulations is the almost complete absence of discomfort and quick achievement of the expected result. The choice of hardware cosmetology methods is made depending on the age of the patient, the type and characteristics of the epidermis, as well as individual characteristics of the body, etc. Many cosmetologists consider hardware facial procedures to be the most effective and at the same time safe.

Electric current for youth and beauty

Almost every cosmetic office has devices that act on the skin with different types of electric current, allowing you to eliminate various imperfections and visually rejuvenate your face. In particular, cosmetologists can offer:

  • Darsonvalization. During the performance of such a hardware cosmetology procedure, an alternating electric current acts on the skin. Darsonvalization is performed independently or in combination with other procedures, such as facial cleansing. The procedure helps improve blood and lymph circulation, remove metabolic products and excess fluid, relax mimic muscles and improve metabolic processes. As a result of darsonvalization, the skin is rejuvenated, its overall condition improves, puffiness and bags under the eyes disappear, mimic wrinkles are smoothed, the epidermis becomes more elastic.
  • Galvanotherapy. When performing such a procedure, the beautician acts on the skin with galvanic current in combination with various cosmetic products. Thanks to this, the nutrition of the cells improves, the activity of the sebaceous glands is optimized, and the useful components of medical cosmetics penetrate deep into the epidermis. Galvanotherapy is often used in facial cleansing for basic skin care (this procedure is called decontamination), and it is also used to maximize the effectiveness of masks and creams. A particularly popular method of rejuvenation is non-injection mesotherapy, which is also carried out using galvanic current.
  • Cryoelectrophoresis. This procedure combines electrophoresis and cryotherapy. Its essence is the introduction of frozen medicinal substances into the deep layers of the dermis by exposing the skin to a low-intensity current. Thanks to this manipulation, you can get rid of wrinkles, remove rashes, normalize the work of the sebaceous glands and remove fat deposits on the face. Also, cryoelectrophoresis visually improves the appearance of the skin, it becomes elastic and elastic, and also acquires a uniform, pleasant color.

Hardware cosmetology offers quite effective anti-aging facial procedures. Some of them can be successfully performed even at a young age, preventing the aging process.

Hardware peeling

hardware peeling for rejuvenation

There are several types of hardware peels and, perhaps, these facials are among the most popular. Among them:

  • Ultrasonic peeling, which is also called ultrasonic cleaning. This procedure effectively cleans the upper layers of the epidermis, eliminates dead cells, small acne and excess sebum. Ultrasonic peeling improves the overall condition of the skin, gives it elasticity and silkiness. However, it does not allow achieving a permanent rejuvenating effect and does not cope with severe contamination of the epidermis. Nevertheless, this method is very suitable for inclusion in a facial treatment complex.
  • Vacuum peeling. It is also a popular skin cleansing method that is quite gentle. It is performed using a special device with a nozzle in which negative pressure is created when touching the skin. Thanks to this, the epidermis is cleansed of sebum, comedones and dead cells. Skin tone increases, becomes more even, beautifully colored and fresh. The vacuum peeling procedure is also ineffective for severe epidermal contamination.
  • Brossage or exfoliation with a brush. When performing such a hardware cosmetology procedure, the skin is cleaned with rotating brushes consisting of natural fibers. This is a completely painless process that can loosen the keratinized layers of the epidermis, improve metabolic processes and blood circulation. Brossage is often performed in preparation for other cosmetic procedures.
  • Microdermabrasion. This is a pretty serious type of hardware peeling compared to all of the above. With this procedure, a special device acts on the skin, the nozzle of which ejects tiny crystals of aluminum oxide onto the surface of the epidermis. As a result, the surface layer is flattened, scars and small wrinkles are smoothed out. The skin seems to have been erased in layers, which, of course, is accompanied by an injury. After the restoration, the face looks much younger. But to achieve a lasting anti-aging effect, several procedures are required.

Hardware peeling techniques perfectly trigger skin renewal processes. Girls with young epidermis should prefer minimally invasive procedures, while those with mature skin can already look at microdermabrasion.

Other hardware procedures

laser skin resurfacing

Not only electric shock and peeling can come to the rescue of women who want to look great. Among hardware cosmetology techniques, there are some more effective facial rejuvenation procedures:

  • Photorejuvenation. With this procedure, the face is exposed to an intense light flux, due to which small wrinkles disappear, enlarged pores are narrowed, and the skin becomes elastic and smooth. In addition, photorejuvenation eliminates veins and age spots, improving the complexion.
  • Cryotherapy. Cryotherapy sessions consist of impacting the epidermis with low and ultralow temperatures. Different types of such effects help in rejuvenating the skin or contribute to its recovery after harsher cosmetic interventions (peeling, laser resurfacing, etc. ).
  • Hardware massage. This procedure is also known as LPG massage. It combines the technique of vacuum-roller massage and exposure to ultrasound. Hardware massage is considered a fairly effective method of rejuvenation, it helps to improve facial contours, activate metabolic processes, remove puffiness and increase skin tone and elasticity. Also, as a result of such influence, subcutaneous fat is eliminated and wrinkles are smoothed (including the area of nasolabial folds, mimic wrinkles near the eyes, etc. ).

Almost all hardware procedures are categorically contraindicated for girls who are giving birth to a child, as well as for people with oncological diseases. Of course, it is impossible to carry out such manipulations during the exacerbation of any diseases and inflammatory processes.

Laser cosmetology

In principle, all laser procedures can be successfully attributed to hardware cosmetology. However, most cosmetologists agree that they can be singled out in a special group due to the especially great possibilities and versatility of such therapy. Among laser cosmetology procedures, there are various methods of facial rejuvenation:

  • SMOOTH-rejuvenation. This technology is also known as laser express rejuvenation and is one of the gentlest procedures. Its essence is the uniform and delicate heating of the skin with a laser. At the same time, redness and swelling of the skin rarely occurs after the procedure. SMOOTH-rejuvenation eliminates bags under the eyes, fluid accumulation (edema), as well as small wrinkles. Also, this procedure contributes to the narrowing of pores and noticeable lightening of age spots.
  • Neodymium rejuvenation. This method is also called deep laser rejuvenation or FT-laser lifting. The procedure allows you to achieve an almost immediate tightening effect, and the patient's skin does not need rehabilitation after it. Rejuvenation with neodymium is considered a painless method, it also allows you to get rid of spider veins and age spots.
  • Erbium rejuvenation. This procedure is performed using an erbium laser and is essentially surface laser resurfacing. It eliminates the upper layers of the epidermis, is considered quite safe and can be successfully performed even on areas with sensitive skin (for example, around the eyes). Performing Erbium Rejuvenation helps smooth out wrinkles and fine scars, helps heal the skin, improve its color, activate blood flow and achieve good cleansing.
  • Fractional rejuvenation. In this case, the laser beam is split into many thin beams that form a laser grating. It is precisely this that acts on the skin, tightens it, removes wrinkles, the problem of laxity, pigmentation and post-acne.
  • Laser peeling. There are several variants of this rejuvenation procedure, which acts on the upper, middle or deep layer of the epidermis. In order to refresh the skin, eliminate small defects and first wrinkles, you can limit yourself to cold surface peeling, more serious rejuvenation requires a deep effect. After such procedures, the skin needs a certain period of recovery, during which it must be properly and conscientiously cared for.

Many cosmetologists consider laser procedures to be the best way of minimally invasive facial rejuvenation. Among them, you can choose the most effective anti-aging programs that will completely solve existing problems.

Aesthetic cosmetology

cleansing skin for rejuvenation

In principle, all the above-mentioned methods to one extent or another solve problems of an aesthetic nature. But the most common way to remove skin defects is to:

  • Facial cleansing. We have already talked about cleaning that is carried out using different devices. Separately, it is worth mentioning the procedure of mechanical action, which the beautician performs directly with his own hands, as well as various devices. Many women are sure that only mechanical cleaning can really solve visible skin problems, completely eliminate comedones and blackheads. And manipulations carried out by a cosmetologist minimize the risk of infection, help narrow pores and prevent new rashes. Cleaning is usually complemented by other cosmetic procedures.
  • Peelings. Various chemical peels are popular, affordable and effective cosmetic procedures for facial rejuvenation. Their essence is the application of certain chemicals (acids) to the skin, which, as it were, cut out the cells of the epidermis. Thanks to this, the skin becomes deeply cleansed and even, wrinkles, traces of pigmentation and post-acne disappear from it. There are many options for chemical peeling, suitable for women of different ages and for owners of different skin types. In any case, after such rejuvenation procedures, the skin will need a certain period of recovery.

Basic facial treatments can be offered in any beauty salon. But they should only be carried out by a specialist with a medical degree.

Injection types of procedures

injectable facial rejuvenation

Many fairly effective anti-wrinkle procedures involve injections. Among these methods are:

  • Mesotherapy. During mesotherapy, the doctor injects cocktails made of vitamin substances, hormones, enzymes, as well as plant extracts and medicines into the skin. Mixtures for injections are selected individually. They help in rejuvenating, tightening the skin, activating the regeneration process, removing small wrinkles and smoothing larger ones, tightening facial contours. Mesotherapy helps to remove age spots, rosacea and acne scars. However, the effect of its application is not as pronounced as with more radical rejuvenation methods. Cosmetologists believe that such a procedure is good as prevention and support.
  • Contour plastic. This method is also known to most girls as the use of fillers. It consists of introducing a special gel into the tissues, which restores volume in the right places (including wrinkles). Thanks to this, the face takes on a youthful roundness, wrinkles around the mouth and nasolabial folds are eliminated. The effect of using fillers disappears after 6-12 months, such substances simply dissolve and are removed from the tissue.
  • Botox. This is a fairly popular and affordable rejuvenation technique, the essence of which is the injection of botulinum toxin. This substance is a poison, but when used in cosmetology, it does not have a toxic effect, but it helps to relax the muscles of the face. Thanks to this, wrinkles are smoothed out (even deep ones), and the skin becomes even. The effect of Botox injections is also short-lived.

Techniques of injection cosmetology can be practiced even at a young age if there are appropriate indications. Such procedures, when performed correctly, give excellent results.

Care procedures

face skin massage for rejuvenation

Separately, it should be said about facial skin care procedures in the beauty salon, which do not involve active exposure, but give an excellent effect. Among them:

  • Manual massage. Cosmetologists assure that periodic massage guarantees the preservation of the youth of the skin for many years. If performed regularly, this procedure ensures nutrition and hydration of the epidermis, stimulates the work of facial muscles, maintains clear contours of the face and eliminates wrinkles. During the massage, the cosmetologist first performs a light peeling, then performs the full effect of the massage using nutrients and ends the procedure with an individually selected mask.
  • SPA procedures: products with oxygen, clay masks, peeling, vitaminization, aromatherapy, etc. Regular implementation of the course of procedures allows you to take care of the beauty and health of the skin at a high level. Beauticians believe that proper facial care reduces the need for more aggressive anti-aging treatments in the future.

In addition, permanent makeup, as well as epilation and depilation, can be attributed to the methods of aesthetic cosmetology. Such procedures are also performed in many small salons.

Of course, only a specialist cosmetologist can determine which facial cosmetic procedures will be the best in each individual case. Modern developments allow you to choose salon care for different skin with different problems.